Southeast Asia maintains close economic trade in Singapore, which is a large tanker that is moored near the port of Jurong, Singapore.
This newspaper reporter in Jinghao photos, as you ask a Bangkok police, what is the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)? He is likely to shook his head. But if you ask him, are you learning English? He may nod.
Currently, a learning English event in adapting to the 2015 ASEAN Economic Community – "Smart Police" is universal in the Thai police.
The Thai police spokesperson recently expressed its clear expressed that by 2015, all policemen responsible for entry and exit security checks and tourists will speak fluent English.
Economic integration has completed 72% of Thailand police English is a minority of the ASEAN unified market quietly.
In order to address the challenge of integration, the Thai government is planning to launch the "investment fast line", and accelerate the simplification of ASEAN enterprises in Thailand. According to the statistics of the Thai government, there are currently 540 ASEAN other member countries in Thailand, but only 18% of the Thai foreign enterprises.
It is expected that the regional investment will increase rapidly after the 2015 ASEAN starts AEC.
On November 18th, the 21st ASEAN Summit held in Phnom Penh, it will achieve the Treatment of AEC to establish a primary task. The leaders of ASEAN countries use the word "launch", agree to start the AEC start from January 1, 2015 to December 31, while the reason is to need enough time to prepare the relevant rules. The State Secretary Gao Jinhong, the State Secretary of ASEAN Cambodia, said when answering questions, "Almost all people are asking for the goals as scheduled in 2015. The consensus we achieve is: 2015 is a starting point, not ‘end’ "Starting point" said that the word "built" commonly used by ASEAN media forms a contrast, reflects the difficulty of promoting the community. Due to the difference in political system in ASEAN, the level of economic development is imbalance, and the difference in law, culture, etc., the extent of the AEC will also be different.
Thailand’s "National Report" recently introduced the research findings of the ASEAN East Asian Economic Research Institute in Indonesia, currently in ASEAN in financial, information and communication technology, aviation, capital, labor and energy, and energy.
Although the economic integration blueprint has completed 72% of the design, the full implementation of the launch will continue to face severe tests.
Regional economic integration continuous deepening changes have begun. The ASEAN Secretariat ASEAN Economic Community has considered the mid-term review of the "ASEAN Economic Community Blue Map" provided by the reporter, as of December 2011, in the construction of AEC, the first and second phases plans completed% and %.
From 2008 to 2011, the construction blueprint of AEC has completed%. At present, the% tariffs between Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, Philippines, Thailand have been eliminated, and the average tariffs in 4 countries in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam have also dropped%.
Our reporter has interviewed in ASEAN member in the past year, and it feels the most prominent changes that textiles, fruit vegetables, electrical appliances, etc. There are more and smaller.
The ASEAN Secretary-General Su Lin · The PMS reported in June this year, in the interview of Siem Reap, the ASEAN is working hard toward the goal of AEC, and the integration of regional economies is deepening.
Analysis believes that ASEAN Member States have a big difference in economic development in terms of economic development, or in national, cultural and religious beliefs.
However, in common, ASEAN integration is also starting from economic and trade. Malaysian Prime Minister Najib has not been long ago that Asia is not Europe, but no matter where the world is, the basic principles behind free trade are consistent. ASEAN will insist on our own way, learn from the EU successful experience, and learn from its failure. According to the expected goal, AEC is completed, ASEAN will form a unified market and production base, goods, services, investment and technical workers will flow freely between ASEAN member states, capital exchanges are more free, and ASEAN will compete in global competition. force. "AEC’s completion will significantly increase the domestic demand and trade of ASEAN, enhance the common prevention of global financial crisis.
Li Jianxiong, director of the Ministry of ASEAN Secretariat, said to our reporter. Comprehensive implementation of the test of this reporter in the interview that ASEAN countries are ready for AEC.
Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia and other countries, "preparing" is relatively active. In Bangkok, Singapore, all kinds of seminars in AEC are often held, and two comprehensive universities have set up AEC research centers.
Tax institutions in these countries are studying personal income tax rates to similar to other countries in ASEAN, and some listed companies are also full of urgency, and they have jointly adjust their operating strategies and formulate market plans.
Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines also agreed to form an ASEAN sugar industry alliance.
However, the discussion of AEC is not expanded in Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia and other countries.
Some Indonesian scholars have admitted to reporters that Indonesia’s attention is insufficient to AEC, and some people don’t even know. Subash, the Director of the ASEAN Secretariat, said that Subash Stu Pirlai said that the biggest challenge to built AEC is that the regional agreement between ASEAN countries requires a certain amount of time.
For example, the changes to the regulations shall be submitted to the parliament approval. For some agreements, the National Coordination Center needs to establish a coordination between several departments within the government, and some ASEAN countries also need to translate the English documents into local language versions. Thailand is relatively active, associated with the 1997 Asian financial crisis.
It is because of the crisis, Thailand, etc. ASEAN member states who have been severely hit in the crisis, and the integration of regional economies must be strengthened. Through nearly 10 years of hard work, the ASEAN is in the ASEAN and China "10 + 1", which has been significantly improved with China Japan and South Korea "10 + 3". In 2007, the Eastern Union officially proposed the goal of building AEC. In 2008, the international financial crisis occurred, and ASEAN countries were generally damaged by regional cooperation.
Indonesia International Strategic Research Center Economist Joseph Lear Damari stated that 10 priorities, including agriculture, fisheries, automotive machinery, rubber products, electronic products, and tourism, as early as In 2004, the integrated process began, so it was also the most light of "infection" in the 2008 international financial crisis, and these industries will benefit from the unified market. More analysis is whether ASEAN can form a unified economic group to question. The most close to ASEAN reality is that there will be more developed and undeveloped levels within ASEAN. The greatest benefit of AEC may, establish a more close interaction between these two levels, making two hierarchical countries profit.
Li Jianxiong said to the reporter: "The level of economic development in ASEAN will not be consistent in the short term. By 2015, ASEAN still has six more developed countries and 4 undeveloped countries to do two camps.
"Da Muri believes that after AEC is completed, labor-intensive work will transfer countries such as labor costs such as Cambodia, Laos, and high-skilled work will be transferred to relatively more developed countries such as Thailand, Singapore. Link in November 2007, The Thirteenth ASEAN Summit held in Singapore adopted the "ASEAN Charter", which clearly writes the strategic goal of the ASEAN Community to the Charter. The "ASEAN Charter" in October in December 2008 stipulates that the ASEAN Community will be affected by the ASEAN economic community. ASEAN Safety Community and ASEAN Social Cultural Community Composition.
The 13th ASEAN Summit also passed the "ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint", which reaffirmed the ASEAN economic community that built 10 Member States in 2015.
Its goal is to form a unified market and production base in the ASEAN region in 2015, which realizes the free flow of goods, services, investment and technical workers under its framework, and more free capital.
At the same time, ensure economic balance development, eliminate poverty and social economic gap. The basic architecture of the ASEAN Economic Community is mainly composed of 4 pillars, namely "creates a single market and production base", "forming a strong economic area", "ensuring economic balance development in the region", and "promotes the region and The integration of the international economic system.
From 2009 to 2015, Different economic sectors in ASEAN will achieve integration. (Cui Yu sort out).